Making research and application in the field of regional/local labour market internationally visible
Every year, the members of the EN RLMM work on a common topic with the aim to further our approaches to labour market monitoring. At the beginning of the year, a Call for Papers is issued that Papers, including those presented at the Annual and European Day conferences are combined into a thematic Anthology. These have been issued by the EN RLMM since 2007 and are an important resource on contemporary labour market monitoring. Authors receive copies of that year’s Anthology.
Developing Skills in a Changing World of Work: Concepts, Measurement and Data Applied in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring Across Europe
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Andrew Dean (Eds.)
The world of work is changing fundamentally and quickly as a result of technological transformation, demographic development and globalisation. The contributions in the anthology show for ten European countries that not only do the degree and speed vary significantly between occupations, sectors and firm types – the changes take on diverse forms in different geographical locations. Labour market actors at regional and local level need to know which skills, competences and know-how are required from the labour force so that they can set up their strategies in line with the future developments. Regional and local labour market observatories, which are established in over 550 regions and localities in Europe already, can provide significant support in these processes as they have far-reaching experiences with applying a wide variety of methods to collecting, analysing and combining data. Furthermore, they are embedded in regional/local networks of labour market actors and actively contribute to shaping regional strategy processes evidence-based labour market policies.
The contributions demonstrate from different perspectives the approaches to skills and competence monitoring applied in various European regions and localities. In particular, the authors focus on the methods and sources of data and information, implemented instruments, resulting strategy-building and role of observatories in these processes. The compilation of approaches offers an overview of the state-of-the art in labour market monitoring, which can be used for building up skills and competence monitoring frameworks at regional and local level.
The Importance of Governance in Regional Labour Market Monitoring for Evidence-based Policy-making
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Tilman Nagel, Heike Hoess, Heike (Eds.)
Information resulting from the monitoring of labour markets is an important source for evidence-based policy-making. However, local and regional labour market observatories often find it difficult to impart their information and knowledge to decision-makers so that it can be incorporated into the policy-making process. This anthology explores the mechanisms, which ensure the relevance of labour market information for policy-makers on the regional and local level. It presents cases of regional and local labour market observatories that have been successful in transferring their monitoring information into policy-making. In the descriptions of the cases, concepts from governance research are used to analyse how the successful connections between data provision and evidence-based policy-making are implemented.
Digital (R)evolution and Its Effects on Labour:
Opportunities and Challenges for Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Päivi Holopainen, Pirita Jokikaarre, Katri Kuusela, Niina Alapuranen (Eds.)
Megatrends such as demographic change, globalisation and digitalisation influence all societal spheres, be it the economy, labour market, education or culture. Consequently, it is important to estimate how strong these effects are and collect qualitative information on the nature of their impact. Whilst the effects of demographic change and globalisation have already been broadly discussed, changes resulting from digital transformation have scarcely been reflected upon systematically, especially in the case of labour markets. Against this background, the European Network on Regional Labour Market Monitoring (EN RLMM) has chosen the digital transformation of societies and economies and its effects on labour as its guiding theme for 2016. Together with the members of the network, we seek to present the state of the current knowledge, specify first action requests and options and capture the relevance of digital transformation for regional and local labour market monitoring. The current anthology of the EN RLMM constitutes the first building block in this process: it brings together contributions discussing the effects of digital transformation on specific sectors and occupations as well as labour market target groups. Furthermore, it contains regional good practice examples describing and analysing the digital transformations of regions.
Big Data and the Complexity of Labour Market Policies:
New Approaches in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring for Reducing Skills Mismatches
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Mario Mezzanzanica, Silvia Dusi (Eds.)
The experience of regional and local labour market observatories shows that information on some aspects of the labour market – such as the demand for skilled labour in certain sectors or spatial units – is difficult to obtain. In the recent years, ICT-related innovations have created new forms and types of data that can be used for enhancing the efficiency in several areas of economic activity. So far, the vast amount of unstructured data contained in the World Wide Web – Big Data – has been largely unexploited. However, as the available technology provides increasingly cost-effective solutions, it has become possible to provide services that have formerly been too expensive. Therefore, applying Big Data in labour market monitoring can provide innovative insights into the functioning of labour markets. Also the process data of Public Employment Services or Statistical Offices constitute a promising source of large amounts of data. The results of the analyses based on the different sources of data can be used to improve the efficiency of the labour market at large and the provision of services by governments and private enterprises.
However, the attempts to use Big Data in the context of labour market monitoring have been relatively rare so far, even though a growing interest can be observed among researchers and practitioners alike. Against this background, the issues of collecting, elaborating, analysing and disseminating the information available on the Web urgently needed to be addressed – as did the associated ethical and legal issues concerned with data ownership and protection. This year’s Anthology of the EN RLMM covers these issues from the viewpoint of labour market researchers and practitioners in labour market observatories from different European regions and localities. The contributions provide first insights into new models and tools of labour market monitoring based on the usage of Big Data.
Sustainable Economy and Sustainable Employment:
Approaches to Measuring Sustainability in Regional and Local Labour Market Monitoring
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Rolf Keil (Eds.)
In the past years, sustainability has again become a theme in both academic and political discourses. Even though they often focus on green(ing) jobs and skills as recently emerged policy fields, also the different aspects of sustainable employment are increasingly receiving attention. As the labour market observatories face the challenge of capturing the developments on the regional and local labour markets in regard to green jobs/skills and sustainable employment, the EN RLMM anthology seeks to clarify different conceptual and methodological issues with the aim to advance regional and local labour market monitoring efforts in this field. The publication focuses on monitoring approaches concerned with jobs and skills in the green(ing) sectors and sustainable employment on the level of European regions and localities. It is explored, how the above mentioned issues can be integrated in the continuously conducted regional and local labour market monitoring and how different stakeholders on the regional and local level can use the generated labour market data for their steering and strategy development activities.
Shifting Roles and Functions of Regional and Local Labour Market Observatories Across Europe
Christa Larsen, Sigrid Rand, Alfons Schmid, Eugenia Atin, Raquel Serrano (Eds.)
Over the years, regional and local labour market observatories have provided reliable and targeted labour market information and intelligence for regional and local decision-makers. Recent developments show that they are increasingly expected to fulfil tasks beyond mere data provision and analysis. Hence, they are emerging as interpreters, evaluators and mediators in regional and local governance and development efforts. Their participation in the planning, implementation and evaluation processes creates spaces for new alliances, cooperations and networks. However, the observatories often lack essential resources for fulfilling their complex new tasks. Stable sources of financing and employees with a solid and up-to-date skills base are essential for regional and local observatories to meet the new requirements. However, acknowledging their contribution to regional and local governance and development processes as well as adequate opportunities for exchange with different actors across Europe are equally important. How do the changing framework conditions affect the functions of regional and local labour market observatories? To what extent do shifts in their roles take place? Which patterns of changes can be observed across different European countries? How stable are the new arrangements and where do the observatories need support? This publication explores the shifts in the roles and functions of regional and local labour market observatories in different European countries as well as the framework conditions influencing their operating and further development.
Skills Monitoring in European Regions and Localities:
State of the Art and Perspectives
Christa Larsen, Ruth Hasberg, Alfons Schmid, Eugenia Atin, Jan Brzozowski (Eds.)
Transparency on the supply and demand of skills in a locality or region is crucial for employees, unemployed, training and placement organisations, as well as for enterprises and labour politics as all of these actors are influential for effective skills matching. In recent years, in numerous regions across Europe, skills monitoring has been implemented to provide this transparency. This anthology gives a broad overview on different approaches and good practice examples in regional or local skills monitoring. It also demonstrates how regional or local framework conditions can influence the implementation of specific concepts within skills monitoring.
Measuring Geographical Mobility in Regional Labour Market Monitoring:
State of the Art and Perspectives
Christa Larsen, Ruth Hasberg, Alfons Schmid, Marc Bittner, Franz Clément (Eds.)
Geographical mobility in Europe is a chance and a challenge for regional labour markets. There is an unknown potential for the economy as foreign labour markets may provide qualified workers and the freedom of movement brings more flexibility. On the other hand, national and regional politics face the challenge of developing systematic approaches for enhancing mobility and managing its consequences. Transparency of migration flows, a sound database and substantiated knowledge about geographical mobility is the prerequisite for all actors. Therefore this anthology provides a synopsis of the current state of the art from different countries and regions, including best practice examples and solution approaches.
Regional Monitoring Approaches for the Reduction and the Prevention of Youth Unemployment in Europe
Christa Larsen, Jenny Kipper, Alfons Schmid (Eds.)
Fighting unemployment, especially among the young, is an important goal of many actors working at the regional labour market level. The transparency of the processes of the regional labour market is an important prerequisite for the systematic application of measures and other strategies to help reducing youth unemployment. With the instruments of regional labour market monitoring, a high degree of transparency can be continuously maintained. Therefore this anthology shows various monitoring systems and approaches of different countries including specific geographical, social, political and regulatory conditions of the different regions.
Information Systems for Regional Labour Market Monitoring:
State of the Art and Perspectives
Christa Larsen, Marco Mevius, Jenny Kipper, Alfons Schmid (Eds.)
Regional labour market monitoring based on web-based labour market information systems is becoming increasingly more common. This anthology shows the variety of such systems as implemented in various European countries. Two general types can be distinguished. The first are regionally-based information tools and secondly, national systems with regional sub-divisions. In addition, these show what information and communication technologies make possible, but they also give the first indications of where these technologies have their limits. This volume should trigger a wider discussion in this field.